Vitreous eye floaters are deposits of various size, shape, consistency, refractive index and motility that float within the eye’s vitreous humour. The common type of eye floaters is due to degenerative changes of the vitreous humour.
There is a general understanding in the medical and ophthalmological community that eye floaters are benign, therefore hardly any research has been conducted into treating floaters.
Most doctors consider floaters a normal ageing aspect and it has not been yet recognized as a condition/disease, causing serious suffering for people with severe and numerous eye floaters, including very young persons. Floaters can happen to anyone at any time.
Some factors contribute to eye floaters such as ageing, nearsightedness, diabetes, YAG laser eye surgery, cataract surgery, posterior vitreous detachment, inflammation in the eyes, etc. There are other causes that create eye floaters but they are not yet known in the medical field.
Please note that a sudden appearance of a significant number of eye floaters, especially if they are accompanied by flashes of light, could indicate a detached retina and you should visit your eye doctor immediately.